WHO Manual for the laboratory diagnosis and virological Influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause epidemics and pandemics that result in considerable financial burden and loss of human life. Human animal interface. Manual for the laboratory diagnosis and virological surveillance of influenza. Authors WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network.
OFFLU OIE/FAO Network of expertise on animal influenza Once experimental or surveillance samples are obtained, virus cultures can be generated and the presence of IAVs can be verified in 3–5 d via reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR or hemagglutination assay. OFFLU OIE/FAO Network of expertise on animal influenza.
Avian Influenza - OIE Here we present a detailed protocol for IAV sample collection and processing, amplification in chicken eggs or mammalian cells, and identification from samples containing unknown pathogens. Pathogenicity of Influenza A virus isolates for domestic poultry. Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals Terrestrial Manual, HPAI and H5/H7 LPAI viruses were.
Who manual on animal influenza:
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